Friday, July 13, 2012
July 12th X1.4 Flare & Incoming CME from AR 1520
It appears we have more incoming, and this time from the big Active Region 1520 (AR 1520), which first rotated into view on July 6th. On Thursday, July 12th, the sun released a class X1.4 solar flare which began at 16:39 UTC (12:39 EDT), peaked at 16:42 UTC (12:42 EDT) and then suddenly dropped off. During the flare, the region produced a coronal mass ejection (CME) which appears to be heading in the direction of Earth.
According to a forecast track prepared by analysts at the Goddard Space Weather Lab, the CME will hit Earth on July 14th around 10:20 UT, give or take 7 hours (06:20 EDT, give or take...). The impact could spark strong geomagnetic storms. Sky watchers should be alert for auroras this weekend.
The explosion also strobed Earth with a pulse of extreme UV radiation. The UV pulse partially ionized Earth's upper atmosphere, disturbing the normal propagation of radio signals around the planet. Monitoring stations in Norway, Ireland and Italy recorded the sudden ionospheric disturbance.
Solar protons accelerated by the blast are swarming around Earth. The radiation storm, in progress, ranks "S1" on NOAA space weather scales, which means it poses no serious threat to satellites or astronauts. This could change if the storm continues to intensify. Stay tuned...
To see other July 12th images as well as a SDO video of the flare, visit the NASA news release here, www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/News071212-X1.4flare.html
To monitor solar flare activity minute by minute, visit the "Today's Space Weather" page of NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center, URL: www.swpc.noaa.gov/today.html .
To learn more about the sun and to stay current on solar activity, visit the mission home page of Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov .